In any electrical wiring project, the correct gauge size of the wires is crucial for the proper functioning of the circuit. Choosing the wrong wire size can lead to overheating, which in turn leads to a fire. Luckily, there is a simple tool called a wiring gauge chart that can help you make the right choice for your needs. The wiring gauge chart shows the different sizes of wires based on their diameter, current capacity, feet per pound bare, and ohms per 1000 ft.
The American Wire Gauge (AWG) system is the standard for determining the thickness of a conductive copper or aluminum wire. The system consists of numbers from 0 to 40, with each number representing a certain diameter. In general, the higher the AWG number, the smaller the diameter of the wire.
For example, a 10 guage wire has a larger diameter than an 18 guage wire, and therefore is able to carry more current than a smaller gauge wire. The wire gauge chart also helps you determine the maximum current that a wire can safely carry without overheating. This information can be extremely useful, especially if you are planning a project that requires high amounts of power or is located in a remote area where the voltage drop may be higher than usual.
Installing electrical wiring in your home is not a straightforward or risk-free process, so it’s important to work with a certified electrician to ensure that your wires are properly sized for the job. Using the incorrect wire gauge can lead to overheating and other dangerous consequences, so it’s important to use the right tool for the job.
A wiring gauge chart shows the diameter of solid copper conductors based on their AWG numbers, along with other pertinent information such as resistance and ampacity. The chart also includes stranded conductors, which are usually much thinner than their solid counterparts. The chart is a convenient way to determine the best wires for any given application.
For instance, you may want to use a lower AWG wire for light-duty applications like lighting and electrical outlets, while you’ll want a thicker wire for heavier-duty appliances like your home’s central air conditioning system. Using the wrong wire size can result in a power surge that damages your appliances and potentially causes a fire in your house.
When you’re ready to have an electrician wire your home, enter your zip below and get matched with top-rated pros near you. Whether you need a light fixture installed, an outlet switched or an entire circuit upgraded, the right pro is just one click away. Having a licensed and insured professional take care of your home’s electrical work is an easy and cost-effective way to ensure that your house stays safe and in good working condition. wiring gauge chart