Swaging machine uses compressive forces to change the shape and size of a metal workpiece. The process can make a round workpiece look like a tube. It can also add a point to a rod or pipe and reduce its overall diameter. The swaging process is usually done by hand, but some manufacturers use an automatic swaging machine for faster production and consistency. These machines can swage large numbers of parts in a short time. They can be used in combination with other types of machines, including sheet metal bending machines and plate rolling machines.
Swage tools are made of hardened steel and operate on standard shop air pressure of 80-100 psi. They can be used to swage many different sizes of wire, rods, and tubes. Some swaging tools can even swage copper and aluminum. They are available in a variety of shapes, sizes, and styles.
Using a swaging tool can be dangerous, but it is easy to learn the basic process and get the hang of it. A swaging machine has two dies that are attached to a spindle and mounted in a cage with rollers. A motor rotates the spindle and hammers that are inserted into the dies to swage the workpiece. The swaging machine can be used in both hot and cold conditions. The temperature of the swaged workpiece can affect the outcome, as some materials have poor ductility at room temperature.
Rotary swaging machines are commonly utilized for pointing, sizing, and forming metal wires, rods, and tubes. They are able to produce a circular section with either a 2-die or 4-die configuration. They can be found in various industries, including armaments, logging, and cartridge heaters.
In a rotary swaging machine, hammers backed by dies are mounted on a spindle that is positioned inside a roller cage. As the spindle rotates, the hammers are swaged against the rollers with a centrifugal force that causes the die halves to close. This process is sometimes referred to as rotary forging, although it is still a swaging process.
The swaging tool is placed around the tube or rod, then hammered into the workpiece until it achieves similar dimensions to the die through which it was forced. The swaged workpiece is then trimmed and finished as needed. This process can be performed on all kinds of materials, including aluminum, copper, and thin steel. It can also be used to add a pointed end to a rod or to add a flared end to a tube.
Compared to other forming processes, swaging is more cost-effective. It can also save on labor costs because it requires fewer workers to operate the machine. It is also easier to maintain, and it produces a better quality product than other forming methods. In addition to reducing the price of labor and raw materials, swaging can also reduce storage and inventory costs by making items smaller. This is particularly useful for items that are welded together or need to be threaded.